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Biology
How does the addition of either enzyme affect the change in Gibbs free energy for the reaction? Which enzyme binds with greater affinity to the substrate? Which enzyme better stabilizes the transition state? Which enzyme functions as a better catalyst?
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The addition of either enzyme does not impact the change in Gibbs free energy for the reaction. The overall change in Gibbs free energy is determined by the energy difference between the substrate and the product, which remains constant with or without the enzymes. Enzymes only influence the activation energy required to reach the transition state, not the overall change in Gibbs free energy.
The enzyme that binds with greater affinity to the substrate will have a lower energy level for the enzyme-substrate complex. In this case, enzyme E1 has a lower energy level for the enzyme-substrate complex compared to enzyme E2, indicating that E1 binds with greater affinity to the substrate.
The enzyme that better stabilizes the transition state will have a lower activation energy for the reaction. In this case, enzyme E1 has a lower activation energy compared to enzyme E2, suggesting that E1 better stabilizes the transition state.
The enzyme that functions as a better catalyst will have a lower activation energy for the reaction, enabling the reaction to proceed more rapidly. In this case, enzyme E1 has a lower activation energy compared to enzyme E2, indicating that E1 functions as a better catalyst.
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