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Baron de Montesquieu is most closely associated with which idea?

A. A government's powers should be concentrated in a single branch of government.

B. A government's powers should be separated among different branches of government.

C. A government should first and foremost provide for citizens' safety.

D. A government should be based on the will of the majority.
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B. A government's powers should be separated among different branches of government.

Baron de Montesquieu was a French political philosopher often remembered for his work of a treatise on political theory, called The Spirit of the Laws (1748), in which he established and promoted the idea that the government should be separated into three different branches: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. All of which should rule under the law and must check each other’s power in order to prevent corruption or abuses of power.

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