Please provide brief definitions for the following terms: pathogenic idea, catharsis, transference, and countertransference.
A pathogenic idea refers to a harmful or negative belief or thought pattern that can contribute to psychological distress or illness. Catharsis is the release or purification of emotions through expressing or experiencing them in a safe and controlled manner. Transference occurs when a client unconsciously transfers feelings or attitudes onto the therapist. Countertransference refers to the therapist’s emotional reactions triggered by the client’s transference. It is important for therapists to manage countertransference to ensure effective treatment.